Types of habitats
Every organism, to survive and reproduce, needs to be in a proper environment. However, men, animals, insects are living in different areas, with completely different characteristics. This physics and biotic differences that we could notice from a habitat to another could help to classify them. In fact, we can classify habitat into 3 different types. Read this article to learn more about those three types.
Territorial habitat also referred to as land habitat is the first of the two main types of habitats. This broad biome includes more specific habitats with varying characteristics. As few examples of the territorial habitat, we could cite forests, grasslands, mountains, deserts and tundra.
Forests represent one third of the planet and engross the largest biodiversity. Grasslands habitat is also a habitat where we could meet a large species of animals and plants. The abundance of species in grassland and forest habitat is due to the moderate temperature and climate.
Meantime, deserts, mountainous and polar habitats, present extreme conditions. That’s why we could notice fewer species living in those places. In deserts, where temperature is very high, organisms such as kangaroo rats, cactus, frogs and some reptiles still manage to adapt. In mountainous and polar areas, where temperatures are the lowest on earth, penguins and polar bears are found.
It’s the second type of habitat. It contains fresh water, coral reefs, estuaries and marine habitat, meaning that all the water bodies are engrossed. For aquatic habitat, the main characteristic of differentiation of those specific habitats is the concentration of salt of the water. In freshwater, the salinity is weak. It includes rivers, streams, ponds and lakes. You could meet fish, frogs, lotus and water lily in that habitat.
For Marine water, the largest habitat on the planet, the concentration of salt is very high. It harbors sharks, dolphins, whales and an unbelievable amount of plants. Meanwhile, aquatic animals like oysters, crabs and worms can be found in estuaries, the point of meeting of salt and freshwater